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            答題狂熱與閱讀冷清

            2018-01-31 10:29:16作者:陳慶貴打印訂閱
            [導讀]網民答題愈狂熱,則加劇公共閱讀愈冷清;公共閱讀愈冷清,亦刺激網民答題愈狂熱。


             

            就像2018年第一場雪引發國人荷爾蒙亢奮手機刷屏一樣,新年開年手機APP最刺激網民腎上腺素分泌者,肯定非直播答題狂熱莫屬。

            “新瓶裝陳酒”的直播答題,說白了,就是開心辭典、幸運52之類古董的手機直播版,本質上仍未僭越初級商業贏利形態。其之所以無厘頭引燃“冬天里的一把火”,是因為激活了蟄伏冬眠的商家逐利和網民拜金原始欲望燃點。直播答題只要不違法度,其如何癲狂瘋到幾時,自然有周期律定數,無需吾輩“看戲掉眼淚,替古人擔憂”。然而,這并不意味著,看客可以對其學駝鳥裝睡。

            單靠撒錢“一指禪”躥紅的直播答題,無論換上什么“知識××”的花哨馬夾,與有些人煞有介事標榜自詡的“知識的春天來了”云云,實在貌合神離“八桿子打不到一塊”。設若說,直播答題能否釋放 “激發國人求知熱”動能具有不確定性;其引發生態負效應則是確定的,這大抵便是:不僅擠兌國人閱讀時間,而且連帶加劇社會功利、浮躁、商業、拜金……

            同屬國人求知形態,相形于答題狂熱高燒,公共閱讀卻相對冷清。曾有媒體報道,國人年均讀書0.7本,與韓國人均7本、日本40本、俄羅斯55本類比,閱讀量少得可憐。比閱讀數量骨感更可憐的,是閱讀質量低劣——國人多鐘情于教輔書、成功學、雞湯文、養生類實用速成東東。堪稱雪上加霜的是,現下文化傳播領域,劣幣驅逐良幣現象揮之不去。淺閱讀與深閱讀此消彼長,既然手機平臺淺閱讀占據國人太多時間,皓首窮經焚膏繼晷的深閱讀自然日見式微。雖說閱讀習慣轉變本身無值置喙,魚龍混雜的新媒體傳播泥沙俱下海量碎片化內容,污染毒化本已脆弱的閱讀生態卻讓人后虞。

            當局者迷,旁觀者清。早先,旅中印度工程師孟莎美在《令人憂慮,不閱讀的中國人》檄文中寫道:“正是長途飛行中的睡眠時間,機艙已熄燈,我躡手躡腳地起身去廁所。座位離廁所比較遠,我穿過很多排座位,吃驚地發現,我同時穿過了很多排ipad――不睡覺玩ipad的,基本上都是中國人,而且他們基本上都在打游戲或看電影,沒見有人讀書。在法蘭克福機場候機時,德國乘客大部分是一杯咖啡、一份報紙、一本書,或者一部kindle、一臺筆記本,安靜地閱讀或工作。”進而,她手探析成因并切中肯綮地指出:“我知道中國人并不是不讀――很多年輕人幾乎是每10分鐘就刷一次微博或微信。但微博和微信的太過流行也讓我擔心,它們會不會塑造出只能閱讀片段信息、只會使用網絡語言的下一代?真正的閱讀是指,你忘記周圍的世界,與作者一起在另外一個世界里快樂、悲傷、憤怒、平和。它是一段段無可替代的完整的生命體驗,不是那些碎片的訊息和夸張的視頻可以取代的。”“當下的中國,缺少那種讓人獨處而不寂寞、與另一個自己――自己的靈魂――對話的空間。生活總是讓人疲倦,我們都需要有短暫的‘關機’時間,讓自己只與自己相處,閱讀,寫作,發呆,狂想,把靈魂解放出來,再整理好重新放回心里。我只是憂慮,如果就此疏遠了靈魂,未來的中國可能會為此付出代價。寧可慢一點,松一下……”遺憾的是,此文發表后,雖然在國內公共空間引發擲地有聲的強烈反響,但在國人中似乎并未引發悚然一驚的理性反應。

            有學者洞悉:一個人的精神發育史,應該是一個人的閱讀史,而一個民族的精神境界,在很大程度上取決于全民族的閱讀水平;一個社會到底是向上提升還是向下沉淪,就看閱讀能植根多深,一個國家誰在看書,看哪些書,就決定了這個國家的未來。2009年,一部《貧民窟的百萬富翁》橫掃奧斯卡七項大獎。影片講述來自貧民窟印度街頭少年賈馬勒,參加電視節目《誰想成為百萬富翁》贏得最高獎金,可他參賽目的并非金錢,而是尋回失蹤女友。影片不僅在藝術上成績斐然,還推動印度政府改善了當地貧民窟。同樣性屬參賽贏獎,情懷境界分野“管中窺豹,可見一斑”。

            網民答題愈狂熱,則加劇公共閱讀愈冷清;公共閱讀愈冷清,亦刺激網民答題愈狂熱。預后其周期發作惡性循環,無非:一廂,出手防止直播答題像“一枝黃花”般野蠻生長,減緩答題狂熱與閱讀冷清交叉感染速度;再廂,加大公共閱讀有效供給,用全民閱讀的理性冷靜熄滅答題狂熱虛火。無他。

             

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