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            令人妒羨的曹劌

            2015-01-23 11:44:47作者:鄢烈山打印訂閱
            [導讀]司馬遷說他讀孔子之書,想見其為人,心向往之。我每讀《左傳》中“曹劌論戰”一章,想見曹劌其志其才,便油然而生景仰之情。然而,昨日重讀“曹劌論戰”,猛然生出一個念頭:曹劌能夠以立德(慷慨赴國難)、立言(“肉食者鄙”)、立功(打敗強齊)而名垂青史,真是太走運了。

                司馬遷說他讀孔子之書,想見其為人,心向往之。我每讀《左傳》中“曹劌論戰”一章, 想見曹劌其志其才,便油然而生景仰之情。然而昨日重讀“曹劌論戰”,猛然生出一個念頭:曹劌能夠以立德(慷慨赴國難)、立言(“肉食者鄙”)、立功(打敗強齊)而名垂青史,真是太走運了。

                他一不是大臣,二不是貴族,三沒有大人物的推薦信,四沒有高車駟馬,不過是一個鄉野小民,葛衣麻鞋,面色黧黑,居然直闖王宮請見國王。門衛很可能把他當精神病患者驅趕走,或把他當作齊國細作、刺客,抓將起來。可是,門衛竟放他進了宮殿,此其謂“走運”之一。

                進了宮殿不一定能見得著國王,一般是由國王的侍從先接待。如果侍從瞧著這個渾身土里土氣的不速之客不順眼——這樣的人也要來議論國家大事,豈不是等于在罵我輩都是尸位素餐的飯桶?置滿朝文武于何地?——敷衍他幾句,打發他走開了事。那么,曹劌不僅不能獻其智,反而落個自討無趣。可是,國王的侍從竟給他引見,此其謂“走運”之二。

                國王在交談時,必然要考察他。比如問道:先生既是魯國人,平時怎不見為國家建言獻策呢?以他的直率性格和當時急迫的心情,必明言:“平時且不論,現在國難當頭,我怕肉食者鄙陋,未能深謀遠慮,誤了大事,這才……”這話夠“狂妄”的了,簡直視袞袞諸公如糞土!而“狂妄”的人必定驕傲,驕傲的人怎么能信任?罷,罷,先生休矣!可是,魯莊公不僅耐心聆聽了他的政治軍事形勢分析,還與他同車參戰,并對他言聽計從。此其謂曹劌“走運”之三。

                人才學告訴我們,人的成功需要才能和機遇兩個條件,二者缺一不可。曹劌要是進不了王宮, 侍從不予引見,沒有與魯莊公“對話”的機會,誰會知道歷史上有個曹劌!曹劌的機遇,千百年來難得有幾人能幸逢,怎不教人嫉妒?

                有人要笑我了:時至今日,你還期待賢君明主對人才賜予機遇,觀念太陳舊了!若真是坐等賢君明主賜福,那確是不合時宜。但你能說如今有利于人才脫穎而出的環境已形成了嗎?至于這環境如何才能形成,我們自當有一套措施。不過,那已不是這篇短文的論旨了。

            (原載1988年3月17日《南京日報》)

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